Monday, October 12, 2015

Why reinventing democracy a dire need of our age?

Though India gained freedom from the British some 60 plus years ago, and people have a government of their own since then, the common man of this country gets the same treatment from their various government offices that they used to get under the old rule. They get despised, ignored and made to feel like outsiders at government offices.  
The spirit of the ruler and the ruled, and the values around the old POWER-STATE model still remain the same for all practical meaning ! The power and authority of a  Police-man, or a revenue-officer, or taxation and municipal officers are still the same as it was in ancient times! Our rules and laws are used more often to trap the citizen than to liberate him, the latter was thought and held as the very intended purpose of having a governmental system of EQUAL-MEN ! For the common man, the relation between the state and the people is more or less felt like that between a predator and its prey ! 

Though the American Democracy experiment was said to be exceptionally different in her initial 150 or so years,today, conditions of democracy is more or less same there too, if close angle-experiences of ordinary citizens are to be believed.Prof Noam Chomsky once explained his experience;He wrote a book on the wrong foreign-policy of American govt. He found his publisher himself vanishing from business soon-after ! A safe and silent way of killing dissent and opposition !

  Democracy has turned altogether a specialized and different institution for OCCUPYING the old,coveted seats of Kings  by members of ordinary-public,but who have become a class-apart from people for the very business of RULING nations and controlling its immense power and wealth !

If not for power and wealth, it is for establishing a particular kind of society with an upper-hand for a particular religion or cultural-ideology, as India witness these days under her current govt.( 2015-16, predominantly a Hindu-life system seeking regime, under prime-minister Narendra Modi) Democracy has become a passive tool for such peoples' groups, to use high-tech electioneering techniques to woo people, and gain a majority to form POWER-STATES. Brute power of majority could then be used to establish their kind of govt, and then seek to spread their kind of ideology by the force of straight propaganda, or by the force of law, or by the help of an obliging police force,or by the brute-strength of large enthusiastic-masses who are too wiling to share power of the state, by acting as their foot-soldiers in suppressing dissent and opposition !  

It will not be untrue at all if we say that, modern-day democracy with its existing myths and norms around its excessively politicized avatar is a GREAT social evil, or a social malady, at par with similar social evils of the past, like witch-hunt and slave-trade in Europe, and Sati, ( practice of wife jumping into the funeral pyre of the husband as a custom) caste-system and child-marriage in India, needed to be abolished and banned !

In a recent article, ( March 25, 2015) an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer Mr. Abhinav Kumar wrote an article ( 'Sad day for the pompous' ) in the leading Indian Newspaper' Indian Express', wherein he was straight and blunt about the ground reality of modern democracy: 

" In today's India, once elected, politicians prefer to behave neither like representatives not like delegates of the people. They prefer to see them-selves as RULERS and MASTERS, and must be treated as such especially by pliant, supine law-enforcement agencies" 

He continues:

" to hope ( by citizen ) to be the state's master is to hope in vein when citizens are a long way from  being treated even as clients or consumers worthy of dignity and respect. The prevailing balance of power between the state and citizen is unacceptable, and not commensurate with our self-image as an important democracy" 

What had been intended to protect the weak from the strong has turned out to be an institutionalized scheme of things to strengthen the hands of the strong, and to shut-off the avenues of the weak to rise up and protest the violations of his rights. Now the institutionalized scheme of things could brand the protests as sedition, and jail the weak.  

Certain examples emerging from certain pockets of democracy should baffle future generations as to how our generation had celebrated it as Peoples' form of Govt: Coomi Kapoor, a senor-journalist with the leading Indian news-paper Indian Express narrated a story from the southern State of Tamil-Nadu:( Sunday,21st Feb,2016,Delhi issue) " Jayalalithaa's ( Chief-Minister of the State) method of selecting candidates (for elections in the state, under her Party's ticket) is truly imperious.All the hopefuls from a particular area are herded into one room, and prostrate themselves when she enters". In many states as well at center,successor to the present Ruler is chosen by the previous head of the state,most of the time from his/her family, or from the small coterie.
Democracy is said to be mankind’s  last of governmental systems. No other superior system is waiting in the future. So, we have to either improve it, or get annihilated with it! Without doubt, peoples' lives are not anything greater than that in the older versions of a government, but much worse, as we have seen above. Hence, this enlightened age has to probe into the causes that have made democracy a tragedy. 
We observed a few of the possible causes, and are happy to share it with the world.

We attempt here to point-out why this generation must try to REINVENT it, to do justice to our celebrated sense of intelligence and Reason: 
1)   Democracy was exclusively meant to end the subjugation of man under any ruler, and to give him his DIGNITY OF SELF that he had never tasted in history before. But the old institution of government which was built around the myths of fear, power and authority was taken over by democracy as it was, with out modifying its foundational spirits. A peoples' own government never needed a government that is centered on myths of fear, power, and authority over its people.
Instead, what it needed was a government constituted around a spirit of REASONWISDOM and COMMON SENSE. The fuel of governance in democracy should not have been POWER AND AUTHORITY, but peoples collective Reason and wisdom! ( see our dedicated work, as to what a true democracy should have been, see link:
2)   Under a government built around the same old myths of political power over its people, a citizen will get his constitutionally guaranteed 'RIGHTS and JUSTICE only at the ‘MERCY’ of government officials, who wield power. Or else, he will have to pay a price and buy it from them. As you know, it is rampantly happening in the country. ‘Corruption’ is the name of this business of selling peoples RIGHTS for a price! It needs no introduction. A power centered government was never intended under democracy.' 'Power' and 'rights' can never go together.
3)   Alexis D. Tocqueville, the famous French Jurist who had visited America to observe its initial periods of democracy reported that when government officials in the US behave as SYMBOL OF PEOPLES RIGHT’, in other countries they act as a 'SYMBOL OF GOVERNMENTAL AUTHORITY’. Though our government officials are designated as 'government servants'; they act like the masters of people in the society, in all respects. 
4)   The greatest deprivation in this democratic country is not that of food, shelter and cloth, but that of dignified self identity. Indians are one of the most despised and scorned people in the world from the institution of government. Deprivation always leads to craving, and then hoarding. Hence, every one in the country is in a mad rush to amass wealth, or hoard power, because a citizen fears his deprivation every moment. People fight each other, and con each other, to prevent the other from gaining an upper hand in the matter of self relevance.  
5)     It is like men trapped in a great flood. Money and power are the only rare dry mounts where one could cling on and escape the calamity of non freedom, and the ignominy of being a common man! Hence we find this mad neurosis in our country for acquiring these two life boats! They are not ends in itself, but only a means towards feeling free. It is a protective shield against subjugation by government agencies and fellow men.
6)   When a citizen is respected and valued in his country, he will naturally learn to respect and value his fellow citizen, instead of fearing and despising him. People treat each other the way the state treats them. It is the simple logic behind people turning fearful of the other, and one treats the other as a potential enemy.
7)   In the process of providing EQUALITY for all, it was the dignified self identity that was wrongfully taken away from every one! One has no relevance in the country as a common citizen. As I am a no one, I refuse to accept my fellow being as 'some one'. Thus, every one treats every one else as 'no ones' -a social calamity in the largest democracy in the world. (You are invited to visit our blog post on EQUALITY at link:
8)   Our fundamental right of ‘freedom of speech and expression’ has no meaning and effect till it is supported by a ‘citizen's right to be heard’. Thousands and thousands of unseen, unread, unacknowledged and unanswered applications, submissions, and complaints from citizens are piled up in our government offices every day! It is the primary cause of citizens getting compelled to adopt the ultimate coercive methods such as strikes, 'hartals', mass protests, processions, and ultimately violent means like destroying public property, movements like 'Naxalism' and 'Maoism'!
             This law for 'a citizens' right to be heard' was more fundamental than RTI, (Right for information Act) because when such a law exists, the need for the latter would only have randomly arisen.
9)  Every nation is mad about its 'sovereignty' status, but it forgets that its right to be 'Sovereign' originates from the sovereignty of its individual citizens. Democracy, a system exclusively dedicated for ensuring freedom, liberty and individual dignity of its citizens should not have moved an inch from this principle. But, after getting control over the government machinery, every democratic politician ignores this central goal of the great ideal.
10) Politics has become the art and science of capturing governmental power through few established symbols of democracy or periodic elections, wooing public for votes, and using all kinds of propaganda techniques to pin down opponents. Instead of the old time players of the same game like Kings and Royals, the game is played now by our own species of ‘PEOPLE’, hence we reverently call it 'DEMOCRACY'! The game sometimes gets bloodier than that witnessed in the older systems. How can peoples' own governmental system degenerate itself into a mere war for capturing thrones?
             As a system of governance, democracy is not different in any way from the old regimes, except in the fact that the evil practice of authoritarian governance is now enacted within peoples' own class and status. 
11) Elections, the most exemplified symbol of democracy, many times works like a 'lottery'. Peoples' choices are limited, like between death by hanging, or on the electrocution chair! 
They are helpless but to make a choice between available alternatives. This is their only name sake participation that the system has awarded them.
             Political parties spend millions on propaganda, and mind manipulation techniques to win the elections. Fighting the elections has become one of the most complex entrepreneurial tasks that politicians have to learn in the 'state craft', under democracy. The recent trend is that, elections are won on sheer power of rhetoric.Why rhetoric when nations have a sensible document called constitution,and good governance is nothing but its sincere implementation in letter and spirit ?
            It has all the features of a typical capitalistic enterprise in the business world. The spirit of democracy is more about the professional politicians' dream about entering into the business, and more relevantly, the DREAM of RULING A COUNTRY, with all its mythical attractions and gains! (Do visit our blog for further insights;
            People are mere symbols on the flags of political parties, for the purpose of false swearing! What we do with democracy today is the most glaring self deception of our age! We carry on the symbol  not for its originally intended goals, but to use it as a tool for  achieving hidden agendas, and goals of professional members of peoples own class, who have tasted its smart potential to become masters in a society. 
12) The singular factor that carries the great ideal of democracy into the realm of 'absurdity' is the political party system. The fight among political parties for power deprives democracy of all its intended good.
              The only goal, and sacred motive of the opposition party from day one is to find fault with the ruling party and to somehow bring it down. The very subject matter of democracy has degenerated into this absurd game! Instead of relying on plain Reason to guide the governments in policy matters, often populism crops in to guide them in
decision making. (Kindly view our blog on a suggested alternative model of democracy without a political party system at link:
13) One of the singular purposes behind installation of civic society in the world was to protect the weak from the strong. But the present model of capitalistic-democracy, according to multiple studies recently conducted by agencies like Oxfam, Zurich University and others, every year the percentage of wealth is increasingly landing in the hands of fewer and fewer number of rich men, families or corporate entities. This is simply equal to making the strong more strong in the world, thus defeating the very purpose of civil society initiatives in the history of mankind. When the very establishment is run by the above combine of the industry and politics, it always remain a realm of the strong in society, making the rights and life of the weak and the under-privileged always at the mercy of the strong !
14) The old concept of STATE was fit only for the regimes of RULERS, for whom the country and people were their personal property. They were not on the THRONE by virtue of the free will and consent of people, but it was inherited, or forcibly acquired from  its previous OWNERS by force. Such old concept of primeval STATE was never put to REVIEW or SCRUTINY during its TRANSITION to democracy, the people’s form of govt. Instead, democracy made to sit peoples representatives on the same seats of POWER that once the OWNERS of the country used to sit and RULE, a gigantic mistake ! The very concept of old STATE that till date Kings and totalitarians used to sit, and OWN the people SHOULD HAVE thoroughly reviewed, checked and thoroughly amended to suit a govt. of EQUAL-MEN, where the RULER and the RULED were of the same class, same right, same privilege, same right for dignity and equality with that of the ones on the RULERS seat. Earlier both classes were from TWO different ESTATES, the RULING CLASS and the RILED class. But under democracy, that primeval class distinction was no more valid and relevant. Both class had become one in democracy, thus needing thorough revision of OLD VALUES around the STATE, the ruler and ruled paradigm, the previous VALUES around the THRONE and those who UNDER them etc,etc.
But this VITAL exercise never took place in history !  The peoples’ representatives were allowed to occupy the same seats of past RULERS, with all the VALUES and NORMS, and also with the same one and only FUEL of governance-POWER- to rule over men equal in every respect to that of the ruler, a severe incompatibility in principle, and a severe non-logic in every respect. This serious lapses and errors of the past has played havoc with modern democracy, as when it represented man’s freedom, liberty, sense of Reason  and individual dignity in principle, it delivered  the same old DESPISE, NEGLECT and SUBJUGATION of the citizen that the old regimes had delivered to them ! Thus, democracy has turned the severe most intellectual and moral SELF-DECEPTION of modern age ! 

The sad supportive role of Media in the game  
               Media has opted to take up this fight-game to entertain people, in a role similar to the 'bout managers' in a professional wrestling competition. They are romanticizing it as an integral aspect of democracy! Hence, people have no options but to join the entertainment, and enjoy the game. Nobody exists in the field to shout that the game is absurd, and 'the King is naked'. In this sense, mankind is totally 'orphaned' in the absence of any other agency to show them better alternatives in leading dignified lives.
 Though fathers of our constitution had kept adequate remedies in the constitution to prevent such calamities from happening, by keeping a FRATERNITY clause (that which deals with providing individual dignity to citizens in the act of governance) as a directive principle of constitution; it has unfortunately not received its deserved relevance, or central importance in any aspect of country governance. It is not the top agenda of our media nor is it a hot issue in the judiciary. Hence the ones occupying the seats of power can have their own ways to play around with peoples' destiny. A citizen's cry for justice would take years to reach the destined abode of justice.
Hence, the freedom of the oppressor is complete in our democracy. Unlike in plain autocracy, the oppressor is invisible in democracy. Hence, the helplessness of people is also complete for he does not know at whose feet he has to fall for mercy, or whom to annihilate as the enemy of his freedom!
We consider that, if democratic governments adopt zero tolerance towards violation of an individual's dignity, rampant playing around with his freedom and rights would come to an end.  If adequately cared for, this clause in itself will suffice to treat most of the above witnessed evils in our democratic process. This can be easily done by introducing imaginative bills and ordinances in parliament so that the Fraternity clause becomes an item of top priority, and a valuable instrument to strengthen our democracy.
We should also consider that only our media can play the crucial role in getting our democracy reinvented with the required amendments of its foundational principles. Only they can put a stop to the ongoing deception with the great ideal, by ending their blind alliance in the game. To enable them to take up this task, they also may have to revisit their professional priorities and vows of commitment towards people, and mankind in general, deviating from their predominant priority of seeking out NEWS VALUE from every event. 

We could always attempt for a new kind of Democracy without political-party system: please see how could be achieve it at link: 
It talks about the necessity of having democracy, especially its VALUES taught in schools and colleges, so that every citizen turns a democrat,capable of participating in country governance.

By: Conscience of the society- a non-profit initiative that stands for CAUSES like Reason, Fraternity and reinventing democracy. 

Contact us with your valuable comments : 

Or at Twitter; Voice of philosophy@jopan1

Friday, June 26, 2015

Liberty would be an empty word till State define the 'VALUE' she is ready to bestow to citizens

The extreme relevance of ' valuing' the citizens by the State in true democracies !

( Or, Citizens' freedom and Liberty would be empty words unless State also define the degree of 'Value' she accord to citizens) 

This brief post intends to deal with the issue of the general lack of freedom,liberty and individual dignity of citizens in democratic and other political systems,chiefly due to the absence of a clear-definitions as to how, and at what degree citizens need to be 'valued'in the system. In other words, freedom and liberty will remain null and void, and only in the book, when there exist NO equally relevant and serious-laws and yard-sticks as to how to measure and deliver sense of individual dignity.

Take the matter of mutual respect and concern between any two individuals; let them be just friends, a couple or just lovers; an unadulterated and uninhibited 'valuing' each other only would such relations deep and truly working. When one 'value' the other, it will be in the form of according him unbound individual freedom, and sense of full, individual worth !

Or putting it differently, freedom and liberty of citizens will remain mere book-entries in nations where 
individual dignity does not stand properly and clearly understood, accepted and defined, and its centrality and relevance distinctly reiterated. Post enlightenment era had seen a more proclaimed entity and role of STATES than that of individual citizens ! In order to contain the inherent selfish and brutish nature of individual man, the role of the Police- State ( the Power-State ) had become more pronounced, distinct and visible.

If we proceed further without quoting Rousseau on this important subject, it would be gross injustice to the great-soul:

" but bodies politic, remaining thus in a state of nature among themselves, presently experienced the inconvenience which had obliged individuals to forsake it;for this state became still more fatal to these bodies than it had been to the individuals of whom they were composed....hence arose national wars,battles, murders and reprisals which shock nature and outrage Reason...the most distinguished men hence learned to consider cutting each other's throat a duty, at length men massacred their fellow-creatures by thousands...and committed murders in a single day's fighting, ..than were committed in the state of nature during whole ages over the whole earth.." ( His long essay ' on the origin of inequality' )

He meant that, when States gained ' single-individual like' entity in the aftermath of the origin of civil-society institutions, it was indeed a 'going-back' to the
 pre-civilization state of mankind. States were adamant in having 'rights' and 'self-interest' similar to that of individuals, a very disturbing development !

In the absence of strict understanding and legal-definitions about the difference between the rights of the state and that of the citizens, the rights of the State will always have upper-hand, especially due to the Power-factor she enjoys. In the recent state crack-down on NGOs in India and Pakistan, the above rift surfaced openly. Both countries arbitrarily ascertained their rights as above to the rights of the citizens. The allegation of the States was that, these foreign-fund receiving NGO's loyalties would be more towards their fund-providing nations than towards own country. While India's major target was an NGO called 'Green-Peace', an environment-protection initiative, Pakistan targeted 'Save the Children' initiative, who, according to govt.sources, was instrumental in leaking info. about Bin-Laden to USA. A certain Medical Doctor, who was associated with this NGO was the one who helped USA to track-down the most wanted international terrorist leader, whom USA shot and killed in an over-night secret operation last year.

Both the nations simply ignored that, they, at the State level, woo and welcome thousands of corporate entities with their huge-investments from the same foreign nations, for the native industry development ! They miserably ignored that, it was a similar incursion of foreign business entities that had entered our nations centuries ago, as a prelude to the European-colonization ! Here, the modern-day stark ascertainment of the rights and Freedom of the State over that of the single citizens is more-pronounced and obvious !

Delivery of Freedom is impossible without first defining and setting a certain VALUE standards to the targets of freedom

One can not let the other free unless he first genuinely 'value' him. Modern States miserably fail to genuinely 'value' the citizens, the absolute, legitimate end to the very existence of the state with regard to their un-inhibited rights, and his 'individual dignity' that the former is supposed to protect at all costs. Chief reason behind this great tragedy is that, any agency bestowed with some or other kind of POWER find it extremely difficult, to the level of impossibility, to 'value' the entities naturally beneath/under them ! This is a universal truth !

To 'value' each other, both parties in the deal must be 'equal'.
 Here, the massively  impersonal State, with her proverbial POWER factor, was never been a subject of serious re-thought about its need, ( of POWER ) danger, practical utility, and risks etc. in the modern-world ! Therefore, one party ( the State) was always overwhelmingly superior and above the latter, ( the people) hence, the natural condition for 'valuing each-other' was never met in the history of democracy in modern-world ! The citizens class, as always had been in history, remained proverbial 'state-subjects; in modern democratic society. Hence, the matter of his 'equality' always remained in paper only in every modern-democracy.

In the absence of such a clear axiom, the rights and freedom of citizens will always be similar to 'animal-rights' in the modern world ! While the basic 'domesticated' status of animals will remain intact as an unchangeable fact and truth, the concept of rights will remain confined to certain narrow, technical aspects of freedom, like that around its daily quota of food, water and shelter, and perhaps a right to mate once annually ! 

The general realm of life and world will always remain an unwritten privilege and right of the State, as that had always been in human-history, wherein the citizens are the natural 'content-material' within the State! Despite the origin and spread of democratic ideas in the world, at least from the time of American Revolution, wherein the role of the State was clearly defined, and restricted solely to that of 'ensuring the rights and liberty' of individual citizens, especially from the onslaught of the State, this arrangement had sooner or later disintegrated, and fallen-back into the old status-quo !

Are frequent revolutions the only remedy to restore basic human-freedom and liberty ?

When the class of people exhaust all their bearing level of non-freedom, non-value and non-relevance in a country, up-rising and bloody revolutions are the only remedy of nature. But, unlike one or two philosophers and writers like John-Locke in America, and Rousseau and Voltaire in France who had reminded people of their right to freedom, dignity and liberty, modern world only had the great media institution to thwart every attempt of the States to suppress the freedom of man ! It was this very unique feature that qualified the modern world to call herself modern, free and open ! It was thought that, under their 24x7 watchful eyes, modern States would not be able to over-step their freedom  and power ever over that of the citizens' class. 

But the new power and economic equation, most of the media houses were bought-over and owned by the industry sector, whose interests stood more gainful in up-keeping the eights and power of the State than that of the people ! This singular feature of modern-world has dangerously altered the freedom and rights status of the citizens class, to the point of leaving our age, kind of 'orphaned'  for want of any protector or care-taker caring for the 'rights' and 'dignity' of man !

Therefore, though the Hashimpura ( about 40 citizens belonging to the minority community of Muslims were bundled-into a truck in 1987 in the Indian-State of Uttarpradesh, and were shot-dead by the Police under a fake-encounter incident. After long 27 years of court-trial, all the culprits Police constables and officers were acquitted of all charges, and let free !) like serious rights violations of citizens are 'ritually' reported in the media, such reports, due to their excessive number and frequency, have become part and parcel of both the modern-state governance routine, and also that in the memory field of the victims -the people. Due to this routine-nature of such events, every 'freedom and rights' institution too has lost its sense of revulsion, defense and resistance faculties towards such events ! Most of such freedom and rights institutions are now stand indirectly and covertly 'sponsored' by either industry or the State, so that no serious voice of dissent and protest from any corner ever crosses the limit, and erupt in the form of any serious revolution! 

The tendency that these govts have adopted towards NGOs has close similarity with what history's nasty totalitarian regimes like that of Stalin etc, had adopted towards writers, doctors and other men of mind, independence and freedom. We know that, to ensure absolute freedom of  the State, tyrants show the tendency of annihilating those who might incite people to seek freedom and rights ! State power and peoples rights had always been at opposite poles in history, like in the case of a physics/Chemistry theory !

Here in our constitution, while there exists a clear and distinct directive of 'Fraternity', ( that deals with individual dignity of man ) this clause has never received any central relevance and attention by any of the past govt. Instead of the vague stipulations for freedom, liberty and equality in the routine governance documents, plans and programmes, no firm and meaningful ordinance, act or parliamentary reference has yet be made on the above vital and central constitutional directive on Fraternity. This lack of relevance for the fraternity clause was what emboldened the govt.employees, politicians, and even the judiciary to treat ordinary citizens as the most irrelevant and disposable item in the country ! His irrelevance and helpless is the most evident fact in the governance, hence, no govt. agent ever care to treat him as the real master, and the very 'end' in country governance ! 

Can any govt.department claim that it accords adequate importance to the thousands of incoming applications, petitions, submitted official documents and routine governance related grievances that reach their offices every day ? Can any citizen vouch that he routinely get acknowledgements, replies and solutions to his governance related issues in time, ever from any ? Govt.offices are virtual black-holes
 as  far as citizens' routine grievances, multitudes of representations, complaints, submissions etc.are concerned; while in the political rhetoric, citizens rights and his welfare are major points of stress, sloganeering and vows! These false idols will always remain the bold-font head-lines in media too.

Therefore, it is amply clear that, without passing adequate laws and ordinances and acts to accord citizens his rightful relevance and dignity in the day to day country governance, without firm Acts in parliament for 'citizens' right to be heard ' ( not only voice, but 100% attention to every written submission from citizens, at every !)  the actual day-to-day working of every, every talk about citizens' liberty and freedom would be idle, false ! True democracy will be achieved on a day when modern-States abandon and get free from their primeval POWER-based myths, norms and values that give them POWER, that always makes them unequal with that of peoples' class ! Power simply distances and separates power-holder from those who are supposed to be under its spell.
The 'valuing' aspect would be just NOT possible and feasible under any power-regime. In the absence of 'natural valuing' each other between co-citizens, and between State and citizens, democracy will always be name-sake, false and pretentious.. 

In such a scenario, giving due  'value' and dignity to citizens will turn a 'burden' to States, as we witness today. The myths and norms of old, proverbial State must be crushed and thrown-out from the dichotomy of true governance system of EQUAL-MEN, ie. democracy. A day should come, wherein myths around democracy must give out firm signals of equality of both parties, both 'VALUING' and respecting each other. Till such a time, this age must realize that, all talks of Freedom, liberty and equality would only be mere, empty rhetoric, that remain only in the books ! 

Tuesday, March 31, 2015

Modern notion of State: 'means' usurping the 'end' !

Our new book announcement: 

Besides our earlier book ( year 2012 ) on 'Reinvented democracy' titled " Is modern-democracy a fake-coin?', ( at link:, we recently published its Part-2, titled, " The Funniest joke about modern-world: It is free and open !" ( see link:

Modern States show tendency to zombiefy the people !

The recent demise of the father figure of Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew, has seen many world leaders as well as popular media columnists coming-out with unprecedented adulation and appreciation about him, and the way he enhanced the reputation of his small nation, by his sheer mastery over the so called ' State-Craft' !

He could achieve the said envious feat by following certain key strategies that every nation-head is keen to emulate:
1) Not allowing the political opponents to come-out strong, and stand in his way of bringing in progress and modernity ( 'suppression of political dissent' as stated by Minxin Pei, prof. of Claremont McKenna college,US, in his article in Indian Express, dated 30th March,2015)
2) His model of dynamic,authoritarian capitalism ( words of same author as above, in the same article)

3) A market-based economy,closely integrated with the West ( -do-)

4) A strategic alliance with US (-do-)

One of the most respected voices among the Indian political and policy analysts
Mr. Bhanu Pratap Mehta, President of Center of policy Research, also wrote an article in Indian Express Newspaper last week, a distinctly adulatory piece on the overall performance of the Late. Lee Kuan Yew !

If one attempt to summarize the many such highly praising accounts of the achievements of the late great leader of Singapore, it comes-out that, what modern world count and respect is the PROGRESS of countries as a stand-alone goal, irrespective, and independent of what and how individual citizens subjectively experience the said concept of success and progress! The State is the entity and the 'being' that glitter, shine, compete,  and compare itself with other nations over the criteria of 'success' and 'progress' listed above.

It would be similar to large cattle-farm owners,comparing and competing with each other,  about production, profitability and professional working-model of their farms ! Animals in the farm are mere passive instruments and means for the farms to be successful and outshining over others ! What,after-all, is the relevance of the individual animals in the farm, other than that of the owners meeting their biological  needs ?  Animals are mere 'means'  or commodity in the farm-owners' professional line of activity ! Or, for another comparison, we could do it with the motivation of a Gardner; a gardener is more concerned with the beauty of the 'clusters' he grooms, than the breathing space of each individual plant. The 'collective' picture is his concern always, than nurturing individual plants.

Is it not a very dangerous outlook on the life of man on planet earth ? Considering the citizens only at their physical level dimension and needs, at the heavy cost of NOT taking into consideration each citizen's overall intellectual,emotional,rational and creative needs? After-all, he is the one who ultimately 'experience' the net quality of life that the state produce, and such quality is definitely NOT confined around physical factors alone. Human person is primarily and ultimately an emotional and 'mind' thing, for whom the question of his individual,creative self-expression is central for his contentment and happiness.

If every budding and ambitious new leader of nations attempt to emulate the great Singapore leader,
( without doubt, these leaders are extremely desirous of being like him in the matter of state-craft and SUCCESS !) what will the future of mankind as an enlightened species ?

Modern democratic State were supposed to be a mere 'means' to ensure individual freedom, dignity of self, and liberty from the exploitation of the powerful over the weak, as well from, and most importantly, by  the State itself. While this remains the cardinal principle of the democratic ideal, emulating Late.Lee of Singapore by every modern world leader will be a great ideological catastrophe for the future of mankind !

Increasingly, the realm of people is being treated as passive material for the existence of the primary entity of the State, and to glorify its existence as once stated above.

 The end goal of all modern states was people, post the enlightenment era. But in the unfortunate developments that occurred with the reign of industry in modern world, this exalted status of man in the scheme of things drastically altered. Man's subjective entity, his contentment as individual has lost its centrality in the modern world. As stated once, the chief cause behind this vital shift of centrality was the unprecedented entry of industry and professional politics in the mainstream world.

The post-industrial world wanted all its men as chief resource to run factories and offices. Modern political democracies, by default under the modern-economic myths and traditions, happened to be depended upon the industry for achieving 'progress' of their respective nations. We know that, the imperial colonization by the European powers had happened only as a natural follow-up act;  whatever the individual trade and business adventurers and players had achieved was appropriated by the respective European governments in due course of history. Best example is the East India Company,a private trading establishment in Britain. They traveled to India and established their huge trade as well as military hold in India. When almost the entire geographic region of India was under the said private-player, the Queen of England had appropriated the Indian-holdings of the company by an Act in parliament in 1958. This tradition of industry and ruling establishment going hand-in-hand is being continued even today also, without much change.

The above stark-reality  about the status of human-beings, and their centrality in the affairs of modern world should send moral and rational tremors through the spine of every right-thinking person ! Though there already exists, and then regularly appear huge literature and out-cries about the ever-losing rights and individual centrality of man in the media, such literature are merely becoming permanent and even DECORATIVE feature of modern-mainstream ! They make no difference to the well-cemented norms, systems and traditions of modern world, where individual-freedom has become the most scarce but precious commodity today; becoming either rich or politically powerful are the only two means to grab and possess it!

The above referred utter scarcity of human-freedom, and the wide-spread violent scramble for political power at every corner of modern world amply exemplify the above proposition; the currently hot events in Yemen, wherein the Houthis from the Shia camp wanted to capture power and be free. In Nigeria, the Boko-Haram rebels wanted to capture power and be free from the current establishment. In India, it is said, in almost 30% of districts in the country, the anti-government groups( seeking freedom!) like Maoists are active. Those who get to the seats of political power,by whatever method, they fail or simply refuse to ensure and share the much prized human-freedom to all the people! It is high-time for modern world to sit for long, and debate the appropriateness and relevance of SUCCESS and DEVELOPMENT, over providing  uninhibited and plain individual liberty and freedom to each citizen !

It is easy to understand restricted individual freedom and liberty under regimes of Kings and tyrants. But the same restrictions and limitations under Democracy, the so called political system of EQUAL-MEN is pure-self-deception over the great ideal !

It is high-time for mankind as a whole to realize that, the most archaic and primeval notion,or we could say, the social-evil that contemporary world lives with is its notions about the realm of State, or Establishment ! Despite all the progress and advancement she claims, modern world is still in the grip of primitive notions about how our societies are ruled. The realm of State and country RULE is still clouded under old-time myths of glitter, glory and power. Therefore,dangerous clamors in every state is a reality, between different groups to capture these excessively glorified THRONES ! That between different nations in the world, each State accumulating planet-threatening modern nuclear-weaponry should shame every aspect of our claiming as a modern age ! 

For our becoming truly modern, open and progressive, we must alter our basic concepts, myths, notions and values around our realm of RULING the states ! These myths and notions are archaic and primitive to the tilt!

For further reading on the above subject, please follow these links:

Authored by: Abraham J.Palakudy : An independent philosophy and polity research (non-profit) initiative
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Friday, November 21, 2014

Modern Democracy : The net essence of its evils

Modern Democracy : The net essence of its evils

There was an article in the 'Indian Express' news paper on November 17th,2014, wherein the author had a sentence that explained the essence of the evil that modern democracies are infected with; He was referring to the issue of abandoning ‘death penalty’ altogether from the judicial system of nations.

 " The Indian parliament is not sensitive to such matters" !

Not only Indian parliament, but every modern political state treats single individual merely as an impersonal component  in the greater whole, the society, or the country.. Let him live or die, the State is not sensitive, or centrally concerned about such issues. This is a grave philosophical, or to be more right, an ontological malady of modern political and social theory. 

Do modern states represent whatever is noble and pious about the humankind ? Do they solely and directly exist to achieve the grooming of better communities, and an ideal larger world ?

Even though in paper it appears so, in reality, thanks to their predominant POLITICAL nature, they are entirely distinct entities, with their professional goal and work-dynamics remaining far remote from everything pious and noble ! What these modern political entities keep and practice is a kind of 'state-craft', an old art and science of managing mass human communities within the frame-work of the old 'ruler and the ruled' paradigm. The myths and norms around the older authoritarian third-party regimes ( in the sense that rulers were altogether different a class, or species from that of the people !) around the 'ruler and the ruled' are still active and alive at this realm. 

Noam Chomsky was candid about the present regimes' prejudices about people's class: 

If you read the sayings of the founding fathers,( of America) you will discover that, that was essentially their view as well. They also regarded the public as a dangerous threat. The way the country ought to be organized, as John Jay put it, the president of the constitutional convention and the first supreme court- chief justice of the supreme court, his- one of his favorite maxims, according to his biographer, was that those who run- those who own the country ought to govern it. And if they can't govern it by force, they've got to govern it in another way, and that ultimately requires deception, propaganda, indoctrination, the manufacture of consent" ( Chomsky, in a speech delivered at University of Wisconsin - Madison, March 15, 1989)

He says, while the communist regimes have the 'club' ( totalitarian power)in their hands to discipline the 'internal enemies'- the people, what suits democracy is the above said 'deception by propaganda, indoctrination and manufactured consent'. In principle, both methods are equal for the intended purpose. 

Modern democratic regimes are modeled exactly the same way that any old third-party
( authoritarian) regimes were modeled,with regard to their attitude towards people !

Democracy as a peoples own political system had never attempted, nor thought-out, or produced any different set of norms, values and myths that amply suited a real regime of people . The only paradigm shift that was achieved by the government of people was about the ones who should occupy the seats of power; instead of Kings, Feudal-Lords, or any hierarchical ruling class, democracy insisted on seating peoples representatives there on these seats !

It was a great tragedy for human-kind as this un-thought tenet has taken away the opportunity for a grass-root change,  as to what should be the  real status and role of citizens class under the peoples own system !!!  So, peoples’ class still remain as the old class of  ‘subjects' under modern democratic regimes, as passive victims, targets or even predators’ prey  under all the follies and tyranny of the modern 'ruling' class ! A new class of RULERS in the form of professional political leaders and their well organized groups are there well set and established, in every modern nation where democracy reigns. 

The question of hanging or not hanging criminals is one in a thousand of similar crucial questions that modern democratic states fail to take-up in the new light of a true regime of people !

What Albert Camu ( a Nobel prized author) had said deserves central attention here:

“an age can be called modern and progressive only when it starts sending her prisoners to mental asylums than jails". Forget about the past third-party regimes; a peoples own governmental system should have taken-up with serious concern, as to what makes ordinary individual a criminal, or anti-social. It should not have been considered a merely a law and order issue, but a psychological, or a social science issue. Only when such grass-root level understanding takes place in modern democratic system, that we could claim our governmental system as truly and genuinely 'democratic', or something under a peoples own government-model.

Friedrich Hayek describes what could be such freedom under peoples own government:  ( The Collected Works of F. A. Hayek, Vol. 10: Socialism and War: Essays, Documents, Reviews (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997), Chapter 11: “The Intellectuals and Socialism,” [1949], pp. 221-237)

" If the cause of liberty is to prevail once again, it is necessary for friends of freedom to not be afraid of being radical in their case for classical liberalism – even “Utopian” in a right meaning of the term.[27] To once more make it a shining and attractive ideal to imagine a world of free men who are no longer slaves to others, whether they be monarchs or majorities...

.. It would be a world of sovereign individuals who respect each other, who treat each other with dignity and who view each other as an end in himself, rather than one of those pawns to be moved and sacrificed on that chessboard of society to serve the ends of another who presumes to impose coercive control over his fellow human beings" 

We have been into research and advocacy on the above theme for over 5 years, and have produced many papers dedicated to the cause of ‘reinventing modern democracy’.. We are glad to share few of them with you here,  at links:

Abraham J. Palakudy

Ps: Also see all our blog-posts down below on the theme of 'reinvented democracy, and our book at " Is modern democracy a fake coin?" at link : :

Thursday, June 19, 2014

It is high-time to rethink on the compatibility of Power-State model for democracy


America invaded Iraq to restore democracy in that country, after killing its despotic ruler, Saddam Hussein. There were leading news-item in every world newspaper recently ( 12th June, 2014) that the Sunni rebels of the present government in Iraq captured major cities in the state, and thousands of families  are fleeing to safer pockets of the country.

The rebels in Syria have been fighting a similar battle with the present ruler for many years now, to oust him and establish a different government.

Egypt has got her third President elected recently, after the bloody ouster of two in the span of 3 years !

Isn't it most sensible to reduce these constant phenomenon of bloody fights for grabbing political power, or to occupy the ruler's seat in the democratic world into its singular fundamental cause ? Though the cause that we propose here might look a bit philosophical, common sense of even ordinary persons would agree to it that, it deserves serious rethinking on the compatibility of 'power-state' model for democracy, the celebrated governmental system of EQUAL MEN.

Power has the following universal traits: 

1) It enables its holders to have absolute freedom
2) Power-holders' freedom is gained chiefly by the lesser freedom of those who are under the spell of it.

One's restricted freedom is caused chiefly due to his need to accept similar freedom of others. I can not have my absolute free-ways when others also do enjoy similar freedom. Therefore, under the spell of institutionalized or other forms of power, others enjoy lesser or no freedom at all, and then my freedom gains an absolutely free domain !I am the law maker, hence no one under ordinary circumstances will dare to question me. Therefor, I am free to care or not care for the freedom of others. In paper democracy, freedom is same for both the law makers and the ordinary citizen. But the fear of the power of the fiercely impersonal State often subjugate citizens, and force them to be silent.

3) It naturally grooms subjugation, and even develop worshiping tendencies in those who are under it, because, for the victims of power, subjugation, sycophancy and even worship only would ensure protection and favors.In many Indian States, followers of leaders often prostate before them, and touch their feet to express absolute subjugation and surrender !

4) Every human child grows-up listening to glorified stories about Kings,Queens and similar members of the Ruler class. Hence, every human-being unconsciously keep a secret desire to occupy seats of Power someday, so that they could enjoy the kind of freedom those Kings and Queens used to have. Modern democratic order gives ample opportunity even for ordinary citizens to dream big, and fulfill these dreams if they work hard. But such fulfillment of pathological desires should not have had any place in a governmental system of equal men ( democracy) !

5) Power usually claims of its ability to achieve instant changes in society, simply on its above listed strengths. But by all logic, such advantages of Power suffers heavily on the ground of its multitude of draw-backs with regard to the general peril of freedom and rights of the ordinary citizens. It is enemy number one of true democracy, if it is to remain a genuine governmental system of Equal Men.

Power is not the one and only fuel for bringing forth revolutionary social and political changes in the world. The best example is just in-front of us, in our own country; the successful struggle for independence led by Mahatma Gandhi against the great British Empire ! The idea of inalienable individual freedom and liberty that the American revolution had brought in also had its real roots in the writings of philosophers like John Locke and David Hume.

Bringing an end to the evil of Slavery was rather a personal mission of Abraham Lincoln. He had to fight a serious civil war with his own country men to bring-in the revolutionary law of banning slave trade. He later clarified his actual definition of a true democracy; ' As I won't be a slave, I won't be a master too, and this explains my idea of democracy'. His words express his clear stand against the present trend of choosing our 'masters' through elections in modern democracy.

6) It is advocated that in the absence of power, chaos and disorder will prevail. We have taken up this case in one of the portions below, to show that delinquency of every type emerges from power and power abuse. In other words, chaos and disorder appears in societies that have been under some or other kind of long spell of absolute power. Humankind was never tested for no-power kind of social structure in history. But the isolated examples of customer behavior at modern malls and shopping centers etc., where they are free to pick up merchandise of their choice and then pay later at counters etc. should be treated as note-worthy model to forecast similar human behavior of citizens in a control free social atmosphere.When people are accepted and recognized as trust worthy, they tend to behave that way, with unprecedented responsibility. Most likely, they will show more responsibility and maturity to voluntarily obey all social norms and ethos.

7) Power kills, or blocks originality and creativity. Under Power-regimes, creativity and originality are supposed to be the exclusive privilege of those who are on the power-chairs. The ones under the spell of power take all pains to conceal their creativity and originality, to block the wrath of the masters ! What the power holders want is mere support and adulation of their ideas, and they always show the tendency to hate, and even destroy every sign of creativity from others.It threatens their sense of superiority ! ( Following blog link throws light on how Power and authority kills originality and creativity in modern organisations;

The stories of world famous despots, killing and eliminating the best minds ( artists, scientists, innovators etc) the moment they occupy the Power-chair are popular.  (Eg. Russian and similar revolution stories in history )

Under what logic, democracy- the governmental system of equal men- should keep a Power-state model ?

A government when formed through the democratic process of election, and when it holds the State power as it was usual during the old regimes, every one under such Power-regime, especially the political opponents, always has to bear with power abuses of varying degree, because, power has its psychological, institutional and traditional grip upon those who are under it. No institution or law is capable of standing against Power, whether it is in the hands of a monarch, a despot, or a democratic ruler ! Despite the prevalence of democracy for many centuries in the world, it could not produce any alternative governance model, fit exclusively for the governmental system of equal men.Hence, the ones who could not make it to the throne always nurture power-ambitions, ( as power is the only real way to have complete FREEDOM for the seeking individual, and his group) and adopt various means to achieve their goal.

Armed attempt is one of such methods to take over Power. A ruler holding POWER is always an existential threat to every one under it. The threat may not be always real, but many times it is imaginary too . But the end outcome would be always the same; ie armed opposition to the throne, terrorist tactics, guerrilla war-fare, or ethnic conflicts with the throne for separate statehood etc. We have ample examples in the current history of modern world. Besides the examples of Iraq and Syria referred above, we had the bloody story of the annihilation of the Tamil separatists in Sri Lanka in the recent past by the ruling native government. In Nigeria, the Boko Haram radical Islamist group want to take over state power, and rule the nation under hard-line Islamic laws. In every case, what the rebels want is total hold on governmental power, so that they could have their own ways ! Through the medium of modern state power, one can have his own unlimited ways, whatever it might be. State power is the ultimate means for having ultimate freedom for oneself and his group. Every one who could pose threat to my freedom is now under my absolute control, so there is no hindrance at all for my, or my group's freedom. Now on, it is my will and my way all the way; absolutely !

Think of a total paradigm shift. If world could produce myths and values around a true governmental system of Equal men as per a totally altered democratic system and values ? What if future States are constituted without the mandatory element of POWER to govern nations of EQUAL MEN ?

It is plain common sense, cause-effect paradigm that delinquency is always caused as a pathological reaction against misplaced use of power. No animal is known to submit to power and authority of another unrelated animal without coercion. It was always involuntarily enforced upon the less powerful, and the latter oblige to submission out of utter necessity, or for the fear of cruelty, or even death from the hands of those who holds power !. So, delinquency could easily be understood as a mental condition caused directly by the existence of power as an inevitable malady in society. Power nullifies the entities of the ones under its spell. It can never accept the value and dignity of the other party. Power is a primordial evil force of the remote past. It should never have been adopted as the fuel in a governmental system of equal men- democracy. When it is present, no term of equality, rights or liberty could co-exist with it, in every practical and real term. Failure to recognize this chemical or physical law, is at the bottom our age's massive failure at peace and equality efforts.

A future enlightened world could be visualized only when such societies completely oust power-concepts from their governance principles and systems, by some of other means.

As there was no alternative value, or myth about governing masses and nations sans the fuel of Power, even when the once oppressed members in society managed to defeat their oppressors and then constitute their kind of establishment, they too adopt the same old Power-ways of their one time oppressors; ie. using,or enjoying the sinful sense of Power to the maximum ! The fate of the communist regimes is the best example.Their leaders who fought capitalistic masters and occupied the Power-chairs of States had no alternative model to govern people other than the same old Power-way. Hence, every communist government ended up adopting the capitalistic Power-way, or perished without achieving their cherished egalitarian goals !

Unfortunately, human societies today are at loss to think of anything beyond a governmental system of Power, let it be the exclusive governmental system of EQUAL HUMAN BEINGS, ie. democracy !

Think of how human civil society traditions managed to establish sustainable norms about garbage disposal, or electricity and water distribution. Or, how mankind had managed in educating their young with knowledge of the past generations ? It was able to eradicate many self-destructive evil traditions like polygamy, unequal status of women in etc. in societies. Similarly, once we could recognize and accept that, institutionalized state power does dreadful harm to every society than any good,  we could eradicate it, and think of a hundred alternative ways and systems to self-govern our collective affairs, without the intervention of coercive POWER !.

Think of the excellent way in which modern societies manage their corporate governance. Sense of responsibility and self-excellence are adequate,natural inspirational tools for men to achieve excellent result with their given goals, as well as to create never heard creative means to achieve such goals !

Any single human-being when entrusted with institutionalized state power, involuntarily transform himself into a monster. He loses all his individualistic traits that makes him a single-unit in society. From now on, he represents the fiercely impersonal State. Despise and contempt towards the unattached single individuals, helpless and powerless, comes to him naturally !

Violence of every kind originates only in two exclusive ways; one as the natural revenge of the oppressed towards their oppressor, and two, that emerge in the power-holders from the despise and contempt towards the powerless individuals, especially those who dare to stand against, or question the authority of the power holder. Both parties see their victims not as single individuals, but as part of a greater evil whole.As it is obvious, power, especially institutionalized Power, is at the root cause of every kind of violence in the world, and the chief threat to world peace !.

The ones who had suffered under some or other kind of Power-atrocity, do develop one of the following reaction patterns towards life and the 'others' in society:

1) Learn to bear with after internalizing the power-atrocities, so that he never reacts, but exist peacefully with its evil ways. They even believe that Power is a necessary evil in every society, for its orderly functioning.

They kill their sense of self-hood, and attempt to live like a nullified entity. The slaves under the old colonial masters had adopted this method, it appears. From this groups, many a pathological, neurotic illness also  take birth. These men practice to live entity-less lives out of necessity. Some of these men take to various kinds of crimes too, as without their already annihilated sense of self, they get immune to such sentiments of other men too. Hence, they get free from every sense of remorse and guilt. They face life like life-less machines.

2) The fire of the sense of self of man is never extinguishable. Even after thousand years of captivity and oppression, the flames of freedom and unhindered self-hood takes buds, and attempt to annihilate the oppressor. A moment of slackness from the part of the master-oppressor kindle such flame, and revenge is taken upon the oppressor.

3) Lie down and pretend subjugation. This group goes on planing their counter attack clandestinely, and adopt gorilla tactics and secret army tactics every day. Modern trait of terrorism could be classified into this category. This group know that an equal strength strike is never possible against the powerful oppressor, hence a prolonged but never ending armed agitation would bring best results. For this group, even an imaginary sense of powerlessness before the powerful is enough to plan their strategies and strikes. This involves an extreme hatred too, towards the ways and cultures of the powerful, or the oppressor. The hatred of the Muslim terror groups against the much powerful Western powers, seems to be a manifestation of this kind of a reaction against Power.

Power need not be always that of armed power. It could be the power of money and resources too

Powerlessness suffered by modern man is not always from the despising and neglectful attitude of modern democratic regimes towards ordinary citizens. The sentiments expressed by the US population recently, by the name' Occupy Wall street' etc., saying that it is the struggle of the oppressed 99% against the all controlling 1% elites in the capitalistic nation is one best example. The agitator's claim has much substance too, if the latest researches on inequality undertaken by many reputed institutions like Oxfam, Zurich University and others are to be believed. All such research studies reveal that more than 50% of world's wealth and resources are in the pockets of merely 70 or 90 rich business families or groups in the world !
This trend of more and more money and resources getting accumulated in the hands of fewer and fewer people every year was always known as a clear trend of modern capitalism. The majority of the world who are fated to compete for sharing the remaining 50% wealth and resources that fall from the table of the rich and powerful, a sure and certain feature of modern Capitalism, naturally create large scale aspiration for full-scale freedom and equality, thanks to the inextinguishable flame of the sense of self and dignity of man referred somewhere above.

Though modern media put all the efforts to show contemporary world as open, transparent and egalitarian under capitalistic-democratic order, the never ending bloody wars for capturing state power in every corner of the world that we have seen in the beginning of this write-up exposes the lie.

Modern world must find out better models of egalitarianism, freedom and individual dignity, to end the above serious malady of this age. Some models are suggested at our blogs:, etc.

A possible different story on the origin of the first establishment in the world can be seen at link:

Please visit following link to see about the great vacuum in the world for a new philosophy of life:

The blogs that follows down under explains, why a reinvented democracy  a dire need of our age,

Authored by: Abraham J.Palakudy
Founder A philosophic non-profit that stands for reason and justice,  and a reinvented democracy as a prerequisite for achieving these goals.
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